Surveillance Anyone?

As happens with some frequency, I was listening to a podcast and it got me thinking. It was Stay Tuned with Preet. Preet Bharara interviewed Nita Farahany, someone I had never heard of before but learned that she explores the intersection of law, neuroscience, and technology. She is a law professor at Duke University and has a PhD in philosophy. She has quite an impressive resumé (I looked it up).

They discussed the implications of emerging technologies in brain monitoring, as part of the larger issue of society’s increasing capacity for surveillance. During my first listening (yes, I listened more than once and you’ll understand why in a moment), I was outraged. Why? Because she said the following, “We have cameras in our kids’ bedrooms. Our oldest, who is now seven, she wouldn’t cry, she would look at the camera and wave….”  On first hearing that, I thought she was saying that they had still had a camera in their seven-year old’s bedroom. Most parents these days have baby monitors that include video, but I assumed once the child was able to climb out of bed and come to the parent’s bedroom, the monitoring device would be removed.

Would you find that outrageous, having a camera in a seven-year old’s room? I think children deserve to have some privacy. I don’t think they should be monitored 24/7 unless there are unusual circumstances. I believe we removed the baby monitor, it was limited to audio, from our child’s bedroom once they were out of the crib. Why wouldn’t the same notion apply to monitors that include video?

It is possible that I misunderstood what she said. She was making the point that children growing up today are accustomed to being watched. In the comment above she explained that by the time her daughter was one, she would wave at the camera to get her parents to come get her, she didn’t cry. For her it was normal to be watched in that way and that could have implications about how they felt about it as they got older.

Thinking that she was still surveilling her daughter with a camera, though, my immediate reaction was, “And you are an ethicist?!?” I then thought that I didn’t really want to hear the rest of what she had to say, and I turned it off.

Upon further reflection, I wondered if I heard right, perhaps I misunderstood. And then, as I thought more deeply about it, I wondered if, given the emphasis on security these days, if cameras in children’s bedrooms and throughout the house are common and are simply a given. If that is the case, what does that mean for privacy? Who is watching?

Recently when our daughter was pregnant and putting together her baby registry, she explained something to me that her brother, who’s child is now four, explained to her. When you buy a video monitor you can choose one that is wifi enabled or not. Our son and daughter-in-law selected one that was not, in other words it worked over a certain distance in a house but didn’t utilize the internet. Our daughter and son-in-law made the same choice, believing that it reduced the risk of being hacked or monitored by uninvited individuals. Our children face parenting decisions that we didn’t dream of. I don’t envy them.

Realizing that I may have misunderstood Dr. Farahany, I decided to listen to the entire podcast, and to replay the part that got me so angry. I was calmer and realized I may have leapt to a conclusion. I also realized that perhaps it wasn’t so crazy, though I stand by my belief that children deserve privacy, too.

I’m glad I listened. First, it was not clear that cameras were still in use in her older child’s room. I would love to ask her to clarify and hear her thoughts on the idea. Second, they discussed a lot of important subjects that we need to consider as science and technology evolve.

One area they discussed was use of brain monitoring on long-haul truckers, and this technology may not be limited to that job. We might agree that monitoring truck drivers’ level of alertness, which can be achieved using several different types of surveillance technologies, is a good thing since drowsy driving is the most frequent cause of accidents on our roadways. The issue gets stickier when you think about what other data might be collected along the way, who might have access to the data and how else it might be used. If we can be sure of the narrow use of the information, to inform the driver (and the employer?) that they are sleepy, then the intrusion on privacy is warranted. One can imagine a whole host of possible misuses of the information, though, especially if the monitoring isn’t limited to tracking wakefulness. And even in that limited application, what does it mean for employer/employee relations? Does the trucker get disciplined? Hopefully, these issues have been worked out before the technology was implemented. Sometimes that planning doesn’t happen, and the horse is out of the barn before the implications have been considered.

Privacy is a sensitive subject, especially when balanced against safety. In many areas of our lives, including in our own homes, we make calculations about what is more important to us. We are often willing to sacrifice privacy for security, but we need to be mindful of unintended consequences. And, like many things, we won’t all agree on the proper balance. It is an important conversation to have, especially as parents of young children.

6 thoughts on “Surveillance Anyone?

  1. Technology’s influence on enhancing surveillance, in all aspects of surveillance is certainly a hot button for me. Most often there is a good and bad side of enhancing surveillance. Here’s a lighter side example: Interesting you mentioned truck drivers. When I worked for a well known Security company our tech guys who drove company owned trucks were monitored for speeding. If the driver exceeded the speed limit a buzzer went off in the truck as a warning single to the driver and a message was reported to the company. Excessive warnings resulted in disciplinary actions against that driver. Sounds like a good use of technology right?Here’s the problem: the driver was in a 45 mph zone in rush hour driving on a four lane highway where all other vehicles driving 60+. Driving within the speed limit in this instance created a safety hazard for the driver.

    A more disturbing example involves digital surveillance. Certain countries are tracking their citizens by following their digital footprint from social media sites, search engines, etc. Typing a word or phrase may result in the authorities being at your doorstep in a manner of hours. In non-democracies such as China this is a huge privacy problem for its’ citizens. The weaker a democracy becomes the more invasive digital surveillance will be.

    The intersection between technology and surveillance is a delicate one filled with great expectations but also suspect to miss-use.

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    1. I totally agree. In the interview I listened to they discussed how often the technology may be developed with the best of intention, like assisting those who can’t communicate in traditional ways. Then when the use broadens or finds other applications, it can get tricky. All of this intersects with politics and needs to be considered as we try to maintain (improve?) our democracy. Thanks for commenting and sharing your experience.

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      1. Today’s NYT has an article explaining how to turn off tracking from various social media companies. You may find this information useful.

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  2. As I read your post, I wondered about a simple, practical aspect of parents keeping a monitor in their child’s room. That is, how much time are the parents spending looking at the monitor and wouldn’t that time be more constructively used having direct, face to face, interactions with their children and developing that trusting, nurturing relationship that is so beneficial for children. I think it is great to have a baby monitor; it is a very useful technology. But parents still have to do the same parenting that they have had to do for countless generations. There is no substitute for the real thing.
    Thank you for the thought provoking blog post.

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